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IATA International Air Way Bill

The following Conditions of Contract and Notices be included on an Air Waybill.

I. NOTICE APPEARING ON THE FACE OF THE AIR WAYBILL 
It is agreed that the goods described herein are accepted in apparent good order and 
condition (except as noted) for carriage SUBJECT TO THE CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT 
ON THE REVERSE HEREOF. ALL GOODS MAY BE CARRIED BY ANY OTHER MEANS 
INCLUDING ROAD OR ANY OTHER CARRIER UNLESS SPECIFIC CONTRARY 
INSTRUCTIONS ARE GIVEN HEREON BY THE SHIPPER, AND SHIPPER AGREES THAT 
THE SHIPMENT MAY BE CARRIED VIA INTERMEDIATE STOPPING PLACES WHICH THE 
CARRIER DEEMS APPROPRIATE. THE SHIPPER’S ATTENTION IS DRAWN TO THE 
NOTICE CONCERNING CARRIER’S LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. Shipper may increase such 
limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental charge 
if required.

II. CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT ON REVERSE SIDE OF THE 
AIR WAYBILL 
NOTICE CONCERNING CARRIER’S LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

If the carriage involves an ultimate destination or stop in a country other than the country of 
departure, the Montreal Convention or the Warsaw Convention may be applicable to the 
liability of the Carrier in respect of loss of, damage or delay to cargo. Carrier's limitation of 
liability in accordance with those Conventions shall be as set forth in subparagraph 4 unless a 
higher value is declared.

CONDITIONS OF CONTRACT

1. In this contract and the Notices appearing hereon: 
CARRIER includes the air carrier issuing this air waybill and all carriers that carry or undertake 
to carry the cargo or perform any other services related to such carriage.

SPECIAL DRAWING RIGHT (SDR) is a Special Drawing Right as defined by the International 
Monetary Fund.

WARSAW CONVENTION means whichever of the following instruments is applicable to the 
contract of carriage:

the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air, 
signed at Warsaw, 12 October 1929;

that Convention as amended at The Hague on 28 September 1955;

that Convention as amended at The Hague 1955 and by Montreal Protocol No. 1, 2, or 4 
(1975) as the case may be.

MONTREAL CONVENTION means the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for 
International Carriage by Air, done at Montreal on 28 May 1999.

2./2.1 Carriage is subject to the rules relating to liability established by the Warsaw 
Convention or the Montreal Convention unless such carriage is not “international carriage” as 
defined by the applicable Conventions.

2.2 To the extent not in conflict with the foregoing, carriage and other related services 
performed by each Carrier are subject to: 
2.2.1 applicable laws and government regulations; 
2.2.2 provisions contained in the air waybill, Carrier’s conditions of carriage and related rules, 
regulations, and timetables (but not the times of departure and arrival stated therein) and 
applicable tariffs of such Carrier, which are made part hereof, and which may be inspected at 
any airports or other cargo sales offices from which it operates regular services. When 
carriage is to/from the USA, the shipper and the consignee are entitled, upon request, to 
receive a free copy of the Carrier’s conditions of carriage. The Carrier’s conditions of carriage 
include, but are not limited to: 
2.2.2.1 limits on the Carrier’s liability for loss, damage or delay of goods, including fragile or 
perishable goods; 
2.2.2.2 claims restrictions, including time periods within which shippers or consignees must 
file a claim or bring an action against the Carrier for its acts or omissions, or those 
of its agents; 
2.2.2.3 rights, if any, of the Carrier to change the terms of the contract; 
2.2.2.4 rules about Carrier’s right to refuse to carry;

2.2.2.5 rights of the Carrier and limitations concerning delay or failure to perform service, 
including schedule changes, substitution of alternate Carrier or aircraft and 
rerouting. 
3. The agreed stopping places (which may be altered by Carrier in case of necessity) are 
those places, except the place of departure and place of destination, set forth on the face 
hereof or shown in Carrier’s timetables as scheduled stopping places for the route. Carriage 
to be performed hereunder by several successive Carriers is regarded as a single operation. 
4. For carriage to which the Montreal Convention does not apply, Carrier’s liability 
limitation for cargo lost, damaged or delayed shall be 19 SDRs per kilogram unless a greater 
per kilogram monetary limit is provided in any applicable Convention or in Carrier’s tariffs or 
general conditions of carriage. 
5./5.1 Except when the Carrier has extended credit to the consignee without the written 
consent of the shipper, the shipper guarantees payment of all charges for the carriage due in 
accordance with Carrier’s tariff, conditions of carriage and related regulations, applicable laws 
(including national laws implementing the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention), 
government regulations, orders and requirements.

5.2 When no part of the consignment is delivered, a claim with respect to such consignment 
will be considered even though transportation charges thereon are unpaid. 
6./6.1 For cargo accepted for carriage, the Warsaw Convention and the Montreal Convention 
permit shipper to increase the limitation of liability by declaring a higher value for carriage and 
paying a supplemental charge if required.

6.2 In carriage to which neither the Warsaw Convention nor the Montreal Convention 
applies Carrier shall, in accordance with the procedures set forth in its general conditions of 
carriage and applicable tariffs, permit shipper to increase the limitation of liability by declaring 
a higher value for carriage and paying a supplemental charge if so required. 
7./7.1 In cases of loss of, damage or delay to part of the cargo, the weight to be taken into 
account in determining Carrier’s limit of liability shall be only the weight of the package or 
packages concerned.

7.2 Notwithstanding any other provisions, for “foreign air transportation” as defined by the 
U.S. Transportation Code: 
7.2.1 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a shipment, the weight to be used in 
determining Carrier’s limit of liability shall be the weight which is used to determine the charge 
for carriage of such shipment; and 
7.2.2 in the case of loss of, damage or delay to a part of a shipment, the shipment weight in 
7.2.1 shall be prorated to the packages covered by the same air waybill whose value is 
affected by the loss, damage or delay. The weight applicable in the case of loss or damage to 
one or more articles in a package shall be the weight of the entire package. 
8. Any exclusion or limitation of liability applicable to Carrier shall apply to Carrier’s 
agents, employees, and representatives and to any person whose aircraft or equipment is 
used by Carrier for carriage and such person’s agents, employees and representatives. 
9. Carrier undertakes to complete the carriage with reasonable dispatch. Where 
permitted by applicable laws, tariffs and government regulations, Carrier may use alternative

carriers, aircraft or modes of transport without notice but with due regard to the interests of the 
shipper. Carrier is authorized by the shipper to select the routing and all intermediate stopping 
places that it deems appropriate or to change or deviate from the routing shown on the face 
hereof.

10. Receipt by the person entitled to delivery of the cargo without complaint shall be prima 
facie evidence that the cargo has been delivered in good condition and in accordance with the 
contract of carriage. 
10.1 In the case of loss of, damage or delay to cargo a written complaint must be made to 
Carrier by the person entitled to delivery. Such complaint must be made: 
10.1.1 in the case of damage to the cargo, immediately after discovery of the damage and at 
the latest within 14 days from the date of receipt of the cargo; 
10.1.2 in the case of delay, within 21 days from the date on which the cargo was placed at the 
disposal of the person entitled to delivery. 
10.1.3 in the case of non-delivery of the cargo, within 120 days from the date of issue of the 
air waybill, or if an air waybill has not been issued, within 120 days from the date of receipt of 
the cargo for transportation by the Carrier. 
10.2 Such complaint may be made to the Carrier whose air waybill was used, or to the first 
Carrier or to the last Carrier or to the Carrier, which performed the carriage during which the 
loss, damage or delay took place. 
10.3 Unless a written complaint is made within the time limits specified in 10.1 no action 
may be brought against Carrier. 
10.4 Any rights to damages against Carrier shall be extinguished unless an action is brought 
within two years from the date of arrival at the destination, or from the date on which the 
aircraft ought to have arrived, or from the date on which the carriage stopped. 
11. Shipper shall comply with all applicable laws and government regulations of any 
country to or from which the cargo may be carried, including those relating to the packing, 
carriage or delivery of the cargo, and shall furnish such information and attach such 
documents to the air waybill as may be necessary to comply with such laws and regulations. 
Carrier is not liable to shipper and shipper shall indemnify Carrier for loss or expense due to 
shipper’s failure to comply with this provision. 
12. No agent, employee or representative of Carrier has authority to alter, modify or waive 
any provisions of this contract.

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